This study examined the effect of the Hunter’s Choice: Alternative Ammunition openhouse
style demonstration clinics and presentations at mentored hunt orientations on
participants’ knowledge regarding lead ammunition, its effects on wildlife and human health, and
knowledge of non-lead alternatives. In addition, this study investigated participants’ attitudes,
behavioral intentions, and behaviors regarding the use of lead ammunition, including whether
hunters were willing to switch to non-lead ammunition and factors that influenced a change in
ammunition types. Due to the low participation at the demonstration clinics, conclusions could
not be drawn. Data from the presentations at the mentored hunt orientations revealed that
knowledge of lead and non-lead ammunition was high overall. There was a statistically
significant difference between the pre and post attitudes, with attitudes after the presentations
being more supportive of non-lead ammunition. In addition, there was a statistically significant
difference in the proportion of those indicating an intention to use non-lead ammunition pre and
post the presentation. Wildlife health, human health, and ballistics were the most influential
factors for future decisions related to non-lead ammunition choices. Females were significantly
more likely to use lead ammunition at the mentored hunt, while increased prior hunting
experience significantly increased the likelihood for participants of either gender to indicate their
intention to use lead ammunition for future hunts. The overall effectiveness of the presentations
on participants’ knowledge and attitudes did not vary by demographics in this study. These
results will assist the Hunter’s Choice project in continuing to develop and implement
programming, as well as provide insight for similar voluntary change programs.
A thesis submitted to the faculty of University of Minnesota by Kate Henry in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Environmental Education, 2016. Committee names: Julie Ernst, Carrol Henderson, Julia Ponder. This item has been modified from the original to redact the signature present.
Examining the effect of the Hunter's Choice: Alternative Ammunition project on Minnesota deer hunters' knowledge, attitudes, behavioral intentions, and behaviors regarding lead ammunition.
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