This paper is a product of concerns for social justice for Palestinians, particularly in their
needs and rights to freshwater in Israel/Palestine. This must be approached in relation to
colonialism and water rights, as these cannot be divorced from social justice. First, the existing
freshwater resources in Israel/Palestine need to be examined, along with how they might change
in the future. This will create an understanding as to where water is located and how climate
change might influence water resources in the future. Next, examining how geopolitical struggles
have been formed is important to showing the differences between the Israelis and Palestinians,
particularly in the colonial past of Israel/Palestine. These geopolitical struggles, seen as a type of
colonialism, can be examined through existing water policies and water usage. Finally, with this
colonial present in Israel, it is important to attempt to look at all sides fairly. Even with these
struggles over territory, whether or not Israelis and Palestinians can come to a peaceful solution
regarding Palestinian independence, the human right to and the need for water must be
considered. Therefore, the ways of thinking about solutions need to be examined to protect these
rights and needs. This kind of analysis can then be applied to other conflicts over freshwater – a
matter of importance in the era of climate change.
Social Justice and Water Policy in an Era of Climate Change: A case study of Israel/Palestine water relations.
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