Latent trait item analysis and facet theory--a useful combination.

Thumbnail Image

View/Download File

Persistent link to this item

View Statistics

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Latent trait item analysis and facet theory--a useful combination.

Published Date






Computer programs for fitting latent trait models to data provide indices of item misfit. An analysis of the consistency of item misfit determination is presented. Two content-equivalent forms of 71 items representing the behavioral domain of arithmetic skills were generated. Each item was defined in terms of its combination of facet elements, and the ith item on each form represented the same selection of facets. The dichotomously scored responses to the two forms were analyzed using the computer programs NOHARM and BICAL. Misfitting items were identified by use of the residual covariances in the case of NOHARM and Total-t and Between-t in the case of BICAL. The consistency of misfit was measured by the extent of agreement in selection of misfitting items across the parallel forms. It was found that the analysis of residual covariances provided a more consistent means of determining item misfit. It was concluded that the use of the Between-t and Total-t indices as a basis for editing items should be viewed cautiously. In addition, misfitting items were grouped according to common facet elements and reasons for misfit were postulated. Thus, the analysis of residual covariances of items defined in terms of their combination of facet elements seems to provide a very satisfactory method of item analysis.



Related to



Series/Report Number

Funding information

Isbn identifier

Doi identifier

Previously Published Citation

Balla, John R & McDonald, Roderick P. (1985). Latent trait item analysis and facet theory--a useful combination. Applied Psychological Measurement, 9, 191-198. doi:10.1177/014662168500900207

Suggested citation

Balla, John R.; McDonald, Roderick P.. (1985). Latent trait item analysis and facet theory--a useful combination.. Retrieved from the University Digital Conservancy,

Content distributed via the University Digital Conservancy may be subject to additional license and use restrictions applied by the depositor. By using these files, users agree to the Terms of Use. Materials in the UDC may contain content that is disturbing and/or harmful. For more information, please see our statement on harmful content in digital repositories.