Factors defined by negatively keyed items: The result of careless respondents?

Loading...
Thumbnail Image

View/Download File

Persistent link to this item

Statistics
View Statistics

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Title

Factors defined by negatively keyed items: The result of careless respondents?

Published Date

1985

Publisher

Type

Article

Abstract

A frequently occurring phenomenon in factor and cluster analysis of personality or attitude scale items is that all or nearly all questionnaire items that are negatively keyed will define a single factor. Although substantive interpretations of these negative factors are usually attempted, this study demonstrates that the negative factor could be produced by a relatively small portion of the respondents who fail to attend to the negative-positive wording of the items. Data were generated using three different correlation matrices, which demonstrated that regardless of data source, when only 10% of the respondents are careless in this fashion, a clearly definable negative factor is generated. Recommendations for instrument development and data editing are presented.

Keywords

Description

Related to

Replaces

License

Series/Report Number

Funding information

Isbn identifier

Doi identifier

Previously Published Citation

Schmitt, Neal & Stults, Daniel M. (1985). Factors defined by negatively keyed items: The result of careless respondents? Applied Psychological Measurement, 9, 367-373. doi:10.1177/014662168500900405

Suggested citation

Schmitt, Neal; Stults, Daniel M.. (1985). Factors defined by negatively keyed items: The result of careless respondents?. Retrieved from the University Digital Conservancy, https://hdl.handle.net/11299/102192.

Content distributed via the University Digital Conservancy may be subject to additional license and use restrictions applied by the depositor. By using these files, users agree to the Terms of Use. Materials in the UDC may contain content that is disturbing and/or harmful. For more information, please see our statement on harmful content in digital repositories.