Ultra-Wideband Transceiver Design And Optimization

Thumbnail Image

Persistent link to this item

View Statistics

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Ultra-Wideband Transceiver Design And Optimization

Published Date




Thesis or Dissertation


The technology landscape has quickly changed over the last few years. Developments in personal area networks, IC technology, DSP processing and bio-medical devices have enabled the integration of short range communication into low cost personal health care solutions. Newer technologies and solutions are being developed to cater to the personal operating space(POS) and body area networks(BAN). Health care is driving towards using multiple sensor and therapeutic nodes inside the POS. Technology has enabled remote patient care where the patient has low cost on-body wearables that allow the patient/physician to access vital signs without the patient physically visiting the clinic. Big semiconductor giants want to move into the wearable health monitor space. Along with the developments in fitness based health wearables, there has been a lot of interest towards developing BAN devices catering to the 'mission-critical' wearables and implants. Hearing aids, EKG monitors, neurostimulators are some examples. This work explores the use of the 802.15 ulta wideband (UWB) standard for designing a radio to operate in the a wireless sensor network in the BAN. The specific application targeted is a hearing aid. However, the design in this work is capable of working in a low power low range application with the ability to have multiple data rates ranging from a few kHz to 10's of MHz. The first radio designed by Marconi using spark-gap transmitters was an impulse radio (IR). The IR UWB technology boasts of low power, low cost, high data rates, multiple channels, simultaneous networking, the ability to carry information through obstacles that more limited bandwidths cannot, and also potentially lower complexity hardware design. The inherent timing accuracy associated with the technology gives UWB transmissions immunity to multipath fading and are hence make them more suitable for a cluttered indoor environment. The key difference with the traditional narrowband transceiver is that instead of using continuous wave (CW) transmission, impulses in time are used. The timing accuracy associated with these impulses require synchronization in time, rather than synchronization in frequency for carrier-based CW systems. A complete fully integrated system is presented in thesis. This work presents a low-power noncoherent IR UWB transceiver operating at 5GHz in 0.13um CMOS. A fully-digital transmitter generates a shaped output pulse of 1GHz 3-dB bandwidth. DLLs provide a PVT-tolerant time-step resolution of 1ns over the entire symbol period and regulate the pulse generator center frequency. The transmitter outputs -31dBm (0.88pJ/pulse at 1Mpulse/s) with a dynamic (energy) efficiency of 16pJ/pulse. The transmit out pulse is FCC part 15 compliant over process voltage and temperature (PVT) variations. The transmitter is semi-compliant with IEEE 802.15.6 and IEEE 802.15.4 standards and will become completely compliant with minor modifications. The receiver presented in this work is a non-coherent energy detect IR UWB receiver. The receiver has an on-chip transformer preceding the LNA, which is followed by a super-regenerative amplifier (SRA), envelope detector, sample-and-holds, and a bank of comparators. The design is SRA based energy-detection receiver. Measured results show a receiver efficiency of 0.32nJ/bit at 20.8Mb/s and operation with inputs as low as -70dBm. The SRA based energy-detection receiver utilizes early/late detection for a two-step baseband synchronization algorithm. An integrated solution to the issue of synchronization is also proposed. The system proposed is capable of synchronization and tracking control. The system in this work utilizes early/late detection for a two-step baseband synchronization algorithm. The algorithm is implemented in Matlab and the time to synchronization is observed to be between 250us to a few couple of ms. Measurements have also been made using the receiver and manually implementing the algorithm. This work addresses all aspects time synchronization in an IR transceiver. The initial mismatch is addressed by two methods. Beyond the initial synchronization, the system presented in this system is also capable of tracking. This would mean that once the transceiver has been synchronized, the timing generation would continue to track the phase and the frequency changes depending upon crystal drift over time or movement between the receiver and the transmitter. A test was also performed on the complete transceiver system with two radios talking to each other over a highly attenuated wired channel.


University of Minnesota Ph.D. dissertation. July 2015. Major: Electrical Engineering. Advisor: Ramesh Harjani. 1 computer file (PDF); xiii, 128 pages.

Related to




Series/Report Number

Funding information

Isbn identifier

Doi identifier

Previously Published Citation

Suggested citation

Mehra, Ashutosh. (2015). Ultra-Wideband Transceiver Design And Optimization. Retrieved from the University Digital Conservancy, https://hdl.handle.net/11299/190525.

Content distributed via the University Digital Conservancy may be subject to additional license and use restrictions applied by the depositor. By using these files, users agree to the Terms of Use. Materials in the UDC may contain content that is disturbing and/or harmful. For more information, please see our statement on harmful content in digital repositories.