Palynological investigations of a peat deposit from a small sinkhole bog, Button bush Bog, and two archaeological sites, Round Spring Shelter, Round Spring Site 23SH19, and Gooseneck Site 23CT54 located in Shannon and Carter counties Missouri, provide a vegetational record for the last 3100 years in the southeast Ozarks. The Buttonbush Bog core has a basal radiocarbon date of 3130 Â± 100 years B.P. Pollen spectra from the basal zone indicate a mixed oak forest with minor components of pine and hickory. Shortly thereafter, pine becomes more abundant, suggesting the presence of a pine-oak forest that has undergone very little change to the present. A small Ambrosia rise indicates land clearance and pioneer settlement about 165 years ago. The pollen sequence from Round Spring Shelter also suggests the presence of a pine-oak forest in the vicinity of Round Spring. However, the pollen spectra from Gooseneck Site 23CT54 indicate a mixed oak-hickory forest in the locality during the time of Indian occupation. Preliminary analysis of the fossil phytoliths from Gooseneck indicates that four grass subfamilies may have grown at the site.
A Thesis submitted to the faculty of the Graduate School of the University of Minnesota by James Kenneth Huber in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science, August 1987. Plates 1-12 referenced in the thesis are also attached to this record.
Huber, James Kenneth.
A Late Holocene Vegetational Sequence from the Southeast Missouri Ozarks.
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