The pervasiveness of obesity within our society has become a leading public health
concern. Weight loss interventions are largely ineffective over the long run, thus
researchers are turning their efforts toward weight gain prevention approaches. Given that
the time of greatest change in dietary quality and incidence of obesity is during young
adulthood, it would seem that prevention approaches would ideally target this population.
Currently, most prevention programs utilize informational approaches (i.e., providing
nutrition education) and/or are time intensive. Although these approaches show small
short-term effects, Appetite Awareness Training (AAT), delivered in a brief group
format, may offer a low-cost intervention aimed at sustainable skills. With an emphasis
placed on an individual's ability to eat intuitively based on bodily hunger and satiety
cues, AAT transforms an individual's approach to eating, instilling long lasting
awareness of one's eating habits. This study evaluated the efficacy of a brief AAT
intervention versus a standard nutrition information intervention (NE) versus a notreatment
control. Freshman women (n=34) were randomly assigned to one of the three
groups. Changes in weight, BMI, eating self-regulation, and other psychosocial variables
were assessed at baseline, post-intervention, and 18 weeks post-intervention. Preliminary
results show brief interventions (AAT and NE) to supersede no intervention with regards
to ability to prevent unintended weight gain. Further, AAT participants showed greater
confidence in efficaciously managing their weight and refraining from eating due to
A Plan B Research Project submitted to the Faculty of University of Minnesota by
Lauren E. Vieaux in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Masters of Arts. May 2016.
University of Minnesota, Duluth. College of Education and Human Service Professions.
Vieaux, Lauren E.
A Brief Appetite Awareness Intervention for Eating and Weight Regulation Among College Freshmen: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
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