Symplectomorphism Group of Rational 4-Manifolds

2017-06
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Symplectomorphism Group of Rational 4-Manifolds

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2017-06

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We develop techniques for studying the symplectomorphism group of rational 4-manifolds. We study the space of tamed almost complex structures $\mJ_{\w}$ using a fine decomposition via smooth rational curves and a relative version of the infinite dimensional Alexander duality. This decomposition provides new understandings of both the variation and stability of the symplectomorphism group $Symp(X,\w)$ when deforming $\w$. In particular, we compute the rank of $\pi_0(Symp(X,\w))$, with Euler number less than 8 in terms of the number $N$ of -2 symplectic sphere classes. In addition, using the above decomposition and coarse moduli of rational surfaces with a given symplectic form, we are able to determine $\pi_0(Symp(X,\w))$, the symplectic mapping class group (SMC). Our results can be uniformly presented regarding Dynkin diagrams of type $\aA$ and type $\DD$ Lie algebras. Applications of $\pi_0(Symp(X,\w))$ and $\pi_0(Symp(X,\w))$ includes the classification of symplectic spheres and Lagrangian spheres up to Hamiltionian isotopy and a possible approach to determine the full rational homotopy type $Symp(X,\w)$.

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University of Minnesota Ph.D. dissertation. June 2017. Major: Mathematics. Advisor: Tian-Jun Li. 1 computer file (PDF); vii, 127 pages.

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Li, Jun. (2017). Symplectomorphism Group of Rational 4-Manifolds. Retrieved from the University Digital Conservancy, https://hdl.handle.net/11299/190537.

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