Channelization Techniques For Wideband Radios

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Channelization Techniques For Wideband Radios

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From the very start of mobile communications, wireless data traffic volume and the number of applications have increased continuously and this continued increase will eventually necessitate the use of wider signal bandwidths by the fundamental constraints imposed by Shannon’s theorem. Additionally, the air channel is a common limited resource that is shared by all users and applications. While this limited wireless resource has mostly been pre-allocated, the utilization at any given time is often very low. For this environment, cognitive radio and carrier aggregation are potential solutions. Both cognitive radio and carrier aggregation require the processing of wideband signals unlike what is normally the focus of conventional narrow band receivers. This, in turn, makes it necessary to design receivers with a large BW and high dynamic range, and these conflicting requirements typically form the bottleneck in existing systems. Here, we discuss channelization techniques using an analog FFT (fast Fourier transform) to solve the bottleneck. First, a fully integrated hybrid filter bank ADC using an analog FFT is presented. The proposed structure enables the signals in each channel of a wideband system to be separately digitized using the full dynamic range of the ADC, so the small signals in wideband can benefit in terms of lowered quantization noise while accommodating large in-band signals. The prototype which is implemented in TSMC’s 40nm CMOS GP process with VGA gains ranging from 1 to 4 shows 90.4mW total power consumption for both the analog and digital sections. Second, analog polyphase-FFT technique is introduced. Polyphase-FFT allows for low power implementations of high performance multi-channel filter banks by utilizing computation sharing not unlike a standard FFT. Additionally, it enables a longer “effective window length” than is possible in a standard FFT. This characteristic breaks the trade-off between the main-lobe width and the side-lobe amplitudes in normal finite impulse response (FIR) filters. The 4-channel I/Q prototype is implemented in TSMC’s 65nm GP technology. The measured trans- fer function shows >38dB side-lobe suppression at 1GS/s operation. The average measured IIP3 is +25dBm differential power and the total integrated output noise is 208µVrms. The total power consumption for the polyphase-FFT filter bank (8- channels total) is 34.6mW (34.6pJ/conv).


University of Minnesota Ph.D. dissertation. May 2017. Major: Electrical Engineering. Advisor: Ramesh Harjani. 1 computer file (PDF); x, 110 pages.

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Shin, Hundo. (2017). Channelization Techniques For Wideband Radios. Retrieved from the University Digital Conservancy,

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