Computational study of hypersonic boundary layer stability on cones

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Computational study of hypersonic boundary layer stability on cones

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2012-12

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Due to the complex nature of boundary layer laminar-turbulent transition in hypersonic flows and the resultant effect on the design of re-entry vehicles, there remains considerable interest in developing a deeper understanding of the underlying physics. To that end, the use of experimental observations and computational analysis in a complementary manner will provide the greatest insights. It is the intent of this work to provide such an analysis for two ongoing experimental investigations. . The first focuses on the hypersonic boundary layer transition experiments for a slender cone that are being conducted at JAXA’s free-piston shock tunnel HIEST facility. Of particular interest are the measurements of disturbance frequencies associated with transition at high enthalpies. The computational analysis provided for these cases included two-dimensional CFD mean flow solutions for use in boundary layer stability analyses. The disturbances in the boundary layer were calculated using the linear parabolized stability equations. Estimates for transition locations, comparisons of measured disturbance frequencies and computed frequencies, and a determination of the type of disturbances present were made. It was found that for the cases where the disturbances were measured at locations where the flow was still laminar but nearly transitional, that the highly amplified disturbances showed reasonable agreement with the computations. Additionally, an investigation of the effects of finite-rate chemistry and vibrational excitation on flows over cones was conducted for a set of theoretical operational conditions at the HIEST facility. . The second study focuses on transition in three-dimensional hypersonic boundary layers, and for this the cone at angle of attack experiments being conducted at the Boeing/AFOSR Mach-6 quiet tunnel at Purdue University were examined. Specifically, the effect of surface roughness on the development of the stationary crossflow instability are investigated in this work. One standard mean flow solution and two direct numerical simulations of a slender cone at an angle of attack were computed. The direct numerical simulations included a digitally-filtered, randomly distributed surface roughness and were performed using a high-order, low-dissipation numerical scheme on appropriately resolved grids. Comparisons with experimental observations showed excellent qualitative agreement. Comparisons with similar previous computational work were also made and showed agreement in the wavenumber range of the most unstable crossflow modes.

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University of Minnesota Ph.D. dissertation. December 2012. Major: Aerospace Engineering and Mechanics. Advisor: Dr. Graham Candler. 1 computer file (PDF); viii, 109 pages, appendices A-B.

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Gronvall, Joel Edwin. (2012). Computational study of hypersonic boundary layer stability on cones. Retrieved from the University Digital Conservancy, https://hdl.handle.net/11299/143207.

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