Biofuel combustion: a single particle approach including new tandem measurements.

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Biofuel combustion: a single particle approach including new tandem measurements.

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The physicochemical properties of aerosol particles are complex. They are often irregular in shape, and can contain complex mixtures of liquids and solids. By measuring multiple properties of a particle, it is possible to describe it more completely than is possible if only one property is evaluated. This is the principle behind the theme of this chapter: tandem aerosol measurements. The Aerosol Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometer carries out tandem measurements of a particle's vacuum aerodynamic diameter and its composition. I describe here the use of the ATOFMS in series with instruments that measure other properties so as to provide still more information. These additional properties include particle mobility, mass, and "brightness" (i.e., the amount of light that it scatters when illuminated by a laser). In addition, we show that when the ATOFMS is used downstream of tandem differential mobility analyzer systems (TDMA), new information can be gained about species that affect a particle's hygroscopicity (HTDMA) or volatility (VTDMA). These novel instrument combinations yield information regarding the dependence of particle effective density, volatility, and hygroscopicity on particle composition. Additional information is presented about the relationship between particle mobility size and vacuum aerodynamic size for assorted particle types and about the unanticipated difficulties that I encountered when using the ATOFMS for tandem measurements. I discovered that the rotating seals in the aerosol particle mass analyzer (APM) contain compounds that volatilize and react with acidic particles. The ATOFMS is exceedingly sensitive to these reaction products, so much so that it is not possible to obtain meaningful information about the composition of the particles under investigation. This sensitivity may provide a sensitive means, however, to assess the particle acidity.


University of Minnesota Ph.D. dissertation. October 2011. Major: Mechanical Engineering. Advisor: Dr. Peter H. McMurry. 1 computer file (PDF); x, 165 pages.

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Dutcher, Dabrina D. (2011). Biofuel combustion: a single particle approach including new tandem measurements.. Retrieved from the University Digital Conservancy,

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