Food Safety Governance Frameworks and Regulations in the United States and China: A Comparative Analysis

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Food Safety Governance Frameworks and Regulations in the United States and China: A Comparative Analysis

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2023-07

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This study analyzed agricultural trade between China and the U.S., revealing that exports reflect each nation's resource advantages—China's labor-intensive products and the U.S.'s mechanized, land-intensive goods. The food safety governance framework showed problems in both countries, with China suffering from unclear agency responsibilities and segmented management. While China's food safety standards are stringent, they lack operability and transparency, leading to public skepticism. Significant differences exist in import/export regulations and food item management between the countries, suggesting the need for traders to review these regulations carefully. China should consider developing technologies and aligning food standards nationwide. Further, more confirmed food safety cases suggest improved detection rather than increased incidents. Analyzing undergraduate education in food science showed China's emphasis on training food engineers, while the U.S. focuses on food scientists and safety technicians. This study suggests that China could benefit from a more practice-oriented curriculum. The COVID-19 pandemic emphasized the importance of food supply chain resilience, necessitating specific guidelines for food plants and staff sanitation. Overall, the study urges proactive information dissemination to reduce information asymmetry and increase public trust. Food-related legislation, regulatory agency role clarification, investment in education, and emergency preparedness are recommended for China and the U.S. to strengthen their food safety regulation.

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University of Minnesota Ph.D. dissertation. July 2023. Major: Food Science. Advisor: Joellen Feirtag. 1 computer file (PDF); vii, 280 pages.

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Li, Xiaoxi. (2023). Food Safety Governance Frameworks and Regulations in the United States and China: A Comparative Analysis. Retrieved from the University Digital Conservancy, https://hdl.handle.net/11299/258790.

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