Using a Modified Delphi in Rapidly Changing Times-- Ash Management Guide

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Using a Modified Delphi in Rapidly Changing Times-- Ash Management Guide

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St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota Extension Service




The world is changing quickly; however, delivering scientific information takes time. A modified-Delphi approach offers those of us working in Extension a way to address methodological constraints to our ability to provide research-based, credible information under rapidly changing conditions. In 2011, the authors used a modified-Delphi technique facilitated by Survey Monkey to create a systematic, interactive, structured survey process to engage a panel of experts from many different areas of expertise. A careful administration of the survey over three distinct rounds generated sound management recommendations from which the publication Ash Management Guidelines for Private Forest Landowners was produced. The process used could be applied in varied disciplines when there is a desire to find meaningful answers to difficult questions in an efficient, timely manner. The modified-Delphi process enabled natural resource professionals and other stakeholders to share management recommendations in a quickly changing world of invasive species, climate change, and an increasingly unknown future. Respondents provided survey-based feedback in three rounds. Their responses, stripped of identifiers, were used to generate each subsequent survey round.


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Gupta, Angela; Mayer, Amy; Miedtke, Julie. (2011). Using a Modified Delphi in Rapidly Changing Times-- Ash Management Guide. Retrieved from the University Digital Conservancy,

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