Human trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery and a grave human rights
violation. I argue that the dominant narratives around problem definition and victim
construction in US policy impede effective implementation of victim protection measures, those
measures that protect a victim’s human rights. Ineffective victim protection is most harmful to
women who are more vulnerable to exploitation than men in the process of migration. The
victim protection measures, particularly T-visas and reparation, are failing due to high barriers
to access. US Government policy attempts to reduce demand for sexual services by requiring
family planning, HIV/AIDS, and other organizations that receive funding to have an explicit
policy against prostitution. Yet the US Government and international organizations cite
working with high-risk populations is one of the most effective ways to decrease the spread of
the disease. The anti-prostitution policy has a detrimental effect on the fight against HIV/AIDS
because it distances high-risk populations from medical and public health practitioners. The US
can look to the efforts of other countries, such as Sweden and Italy, for ways to strengthen its
Deo, Swati. The Effectiveness of Victim Protection Measures in U.S. Human Trafficking Legislation. May 4 2009. May 27 2009. Hubert H Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs.
professional paper in the partial fulfillment of the Master of Public Policy degree requirement
The Effectivenesss of Victim Protection Measures in U.S. Human Trafficking Legislation.
Hubert H Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs.
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