Creating play opportunities on the school playground: Educator experiences of the Sydney Playground Project

Thumbnail Image

Persistent link to this item

View Statistics

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Creating play opportunities on the school playground: Educator experiences of the Sydney Playground Project

Published Date



Occupational Therapy Journal of Australia




Introduction: Children with disabilities often experience unsupportive environments that restrict their play opportunities and inclusion on the school playground. This exclusion can perpetuate inequities for children with disabilities, with lifelong implications. The Sydney Playground Project uses a simple, innovative intervention consisting of placing recycled materials on the playground and engaging parents and educators in risk reframing sessions to create increased playground choice, control, independence, and inclusion for all children. Methods: The purpose of this study was to learn from participants about the utility of the intervention for promoting choice and control among children with disability on the school playground. Data included evaluative interviews with 27 school staff (teaching assistants, teachers, therapists, school leadership) across five participating schools after completing of the intervention. Analysis was thematic and explored prominent ideas first within schools, and then between schools. Results: Prior to the intervention, participating school staff focused on active supervision to support play and student needs. During the intervention, school staff experienced role shift and confusion as they allowed the children increased independence while using the recycled materials and learned to navigate how much independence to give the children. Children engaged in increased imaginative and social play, and school staff adopted higher expectations of children’s capabilities. Conclusion: Interventions such as the Sydney Playground Project that collaboratively shift adult perceptions to focus on the capabilities of children with disabilities and increase the supportiveness of the physical environment have great promise in increasing play choice and inclusion on the school playground.



Related to



Series/Report Number

Funding information

This work was supported by an Australian Research Council (ARC) Discovery Project Grant (Grant number DP140101792).

Isbn identifier

Doi identifier

10.1111/1440- 1630.12624

Previously Published Citation

Suggested citation

Sterman, Julia; Villeneuve, Michelle; Spencer, Grace; Wyver, Shirley; Beetham, Kassia; Naughton, Geraldine; Tranter, Paul; Ragen, Jo; Bundy, Anita. (2019). Creating play opportunities on the school playground: Educator experiences of the Sydney Playground Project. Retrieved from the University Digital Conservancy, 10.1111/1440- 1630.12624.

Content distributed via the University Digital Conservancy may be subject to additional license and use restrictions applied by the depositor. By using these files, users agree to the Terms of Use. Materials in the UDC may contain content that is disturbing and/or harmful. For more information, please see our statement on harmful content in digital repositories.