It is not necessary to treat in-toeing as a result of medial tibial torsion in children
under the age of 8, as tibiae rotate laterally as children grow. If a severe cosmetic or
functional deformity persists after age 8, or if the angle of rotation at that time is greater
than three standard deviations from the mean (more negative than -15 degrees), then surgical
intervention may be considered.
The information provided in this handout does not necessarily reflect the views of the University of Minnesota Medical School physicians and faculty. These materials are provided for informational purposes only and are in no way intended to take the place of the advice and recommendations of your personal health care provider. You use the information provided in these handouts at your own risk.
Meyer, Sonali Rajan.
Intoeing and Your Child: a focus on internal tibial torsion.
Retrieved from the University of Minnesota Digital Conservancy,
Content distributed via the University of Minnesota's Digital Conservancy may be subject to additional license and use restrictions applied by the depositor.
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