A framework for solving variational problems and partial differential equations that define maps onto a given generic manifold is introduced in this paper. We discuss the framework for arbitrary target manifolds, while the domain manifold problem was addressed in . The key idea is to implicitly represent the target manifold as the level-set of a higher dimensional function, and then implement the equations in the Cartesian coordinate system of this new embedding function. In the case of variational problem, we restrict the search of the minimizing map to the class of maps whose target is the level-set of interest. In the case of partial differential equations, we implicitly represent all the equation characteristics. We then obtain a set of equations that while defined on the whole Euclidean space, they are intrinsic to the implicit target manifold and map into it. This permits the use of classical numerical techniques in Cartesian grids, regardless of the geometry of the target manifold. The extension to open surfaces and submanifolds is addressed in this paper as well. In the latter case, the submanifold is defined as the intersection of two higher dimensional surfaces, and all the computations are restricted to this intersection. Examples of the applications of the framework here described include harmonic maps in liquid crystals, where the target manifold is an hypersphere; probability maps, where the target manifold is an hyperplane; chroma enhancement; texture mapping; and general geometric mapping between high dimensional surfaces.
Institute for Mathematics and Its Applications>IMA Preprints Series
Memoli, Facundo; Sapiro, Guillermo; Osher, Stanley.
Solving variational problems and partial differential equations mapping into general target manifolds.
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