This study examined Duluth area (Minnesota, USA) elementary school
teachers’ perceptions regarding the school-based environmental education (EE)
programs provided by the non-profit organization Hawk Ridge Bird Observatory
(HRBO). A total of 76 Duluth area teachers participated in the study by
completing a questionnaire. The influence of motivations and barriers on
teachers’ decisions to select or not select HRBO were described. Additionally,
teachers’ needs and desired changes regarding HRBO offerings were identified.
Teachers’ perceptions and use of other local, nonformal EE providers were also
addressed in this study. Factors guiding decisions regarding EE programming in
general were described. Results were used to make recommendations that can
guide future programming efforts at HRBO including increasing advertising,
displaying program connection to academic standards, and providing more
opportunities for in-classroom programming. Results also offer insight that may
be useful to other nonformal EE providers such as the barriers teachers are
experiencing across organizations and the overall value placed on EE by
teachers in the community.
A Plan B Project submitted to the faculty of the University of Minnesota by Emily Wilmoth in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Environmental Education, May 2018. This item has been modified from the original to redact the signatures present.
Duluth Area Teachers’ Perceptions of Nonformal Environmental Education Programs.
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