Objectification Theory has provided a useful framework for the study of women’s sexual outcomes. However, little conclusive research has been conducted on the role of self-objectification in predicting sexual satisfaction. To elucidate the nature of this relationship, we conducted a direct replication of Calogero and Thompson’s (2009a) study, which reported a direct relationship between body surveillance (self-objectification) and sexual satisfaction, while also expanding on their work by conducting additional analyses. We tested four path analysis models: Calogero and Thompson’s reported and hypothesized models, and two previously untested models. Each model was tested with the full sample (N = 349) and a subset (N = 127) that met Calogero and Thompson’s inclusion criteria, and with and without BMI covaried. Results showed good fit for all tested models but failed to replicate the direct pathway between body surveillance and sexual satisfaction. Instead, our models supported an indirect effect of body surveillance on sexual satisfaction through body shame and sexual self-esteem, while also demonstrating a strong two-way relationship between sexual self-esteem and sexual satisfaction. Findings support the role of sociocultural channels in influencing body image, while presenting some limitations of the scope of Objectification Theory in accounting for college women’s sexual experiences.
Self-Objectification and Sexual Satisfaction: A Preregistered Test of the Replicability and Robustness of Calogero & Thompson (2009).
Retrieved from the University of Minnesota Digital Conservancy,
Content distributed via the University of Minnesota's Digital Conservancy may be subject to additional license and use restrictions applied by the depositor.