The United States Geological Survey (USGS) provided funding via the FY 2019 National Geological and
Geophysical Data Preservation Program (NGGDPP) for the project “Updated Minnesota Data Inventory:
Preservation of Pillsbury Hall Rock Collections with Associated Additional Documentation: Assembly of
Mineral Potential Related Information.” The three priority components of this project were as follows:
• Priority 1: Collection Inventory and metadata record revision in the National Digital Catalog;
• Priority 2: Preservation of Pillsbury Hall Rock collections with associated and additional
• Priority 3: Assemble information that supports identification of critical mineral resources in
As part of Priority 3, the Natural Resources Research Institute (NRRI) was subcontracted by the
Minnesota Geological Survey to prepare a bibliography briefly describing published research specific to
Minnesota that supports inference of mineral potential on the basis of geological mapping, and a
bibliography listing references for published literature on this topic. The NRRI provided matching
funding to complete this work from the NRRI University of Minnesota Permanent University Trust Fund.
The USGS has recently developed a new minerals system approach for critical minerals inventory,
research and assessment (https://www.usgs.gov/energy-and-minerals/mineral-resourcesprogram/
center_objects; Hostra, 2019). The following bibliography is organized utilizing this minerals
system classification scheme. As Minnesota has a preserved geologic history that spans greater than 3.6
billion years, and as a wide variety of geological processes have been active over this geological history,
mineral potential exists in many of the mineral systems, including Chemical Weathering, Placer,
Meteoric Recharge, Marine Chemocline, Volcanogenic Seafloor, Orogenic, Metamorphic, IOA-IOCG, and
Mafic Magmatic. As well, a short bibliography of potential By-Products/Recycling resources has been
included with this bibliography.
Funders: The United States Geological Survey, the Minnesota Geological Survey, and the Natural Resources Research Institute
Hudak, George J.
A Bibliography of Published Research in Minnesota Related to the State’s Mineral Potential.
University of Minnesota Duluth.
Retrieved from the University of Minnesota Digital Conservancy,
Content distributed via the University of Minnesota's Digital Conservancy may be subject to additional license and use restrictions applied by the depositor.