The study incorporated historical and recently collected data from a total of 60 sites on 42 streams within the Lake Superior basin. The study watersheds included both highly urbanized areas and rural populations. Urban development was concentrated near the bottom of suburban watersheds, resulting in tributaries that are relatively undisturbed, whereas within the core of the City of Duluth, urbanization is wide-spread across the watersheds. The study site distribution represented this gradient of urbanization.
Minnesota Sea Grant as a Final Completion Report for Project Number: R/EH-6-07; University of Minnesota Duluth, Natural Resources Reseach Institute
Johnson, Lucinda B; Axler, Richard P; Breneman, Dan; Erickson, Jeremy; Hollenhorst, Thomas.
Predicting the Impacts of Development on Lake Superior North Shore Streams using High Resolution GIS Spatial Data.
University of Minnesota Duluth.
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