Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) provide an ancient, innate immunity conserved in all multicellular organisms. In plants, there are several large families of AMPs defined by sequence similarity. The nonspecific lipid transfer protein (LTP) family is defined by a conserved signature of eight cysteines and has a compact structure with a lipid-binding hydrophobic cavity. The antimicrobial activity of LTPs varies greatly among plant species. An LTP from Brassica rapa (variety R-o-18) nectar was tested for antimicrobial activity. In a 96-well microplate, each well contained half strength potato dextrose broth, approximately 2000 spores, and concentrations of LTP peptide up to 300 μg/mL in a total volume of 100 μL. After 48 hours of incubation at 25 C in the dark, absorbance of the wells was measured at 595 nm on a microplate reader to quantify the inhibition of fungal growth. The amount of LTP needed to inhibit growth of pathogen strains by 50% (IC50) was calculated. This Brassica LTP was most effective against Trichoderma and Bipolaris oryzae with IC50 values of 0.78 μM and 1.71 μM, respectively. Additionally, both Colletotrichum trifolii and Alternaria solani had IC50 values of less than 4.0 μM. The activity of this Brassica LTP at such low biological values indicates that it is a potent defense protein. These results suggest that transgenic expression of antimicrobial LTPs has the potential to lead to improved broad-spectrum disease resistance
Poster presentation at the 2017 Mycological Society of America Annual Meeting.
Sathoff, Andrew E; Samac, Deborah A; Holl, Catherine; Schmidt, Tony; Carter, Clay.
Antimicrobial Activity of Brassica rapa Nectar Lipid Transfer Protein.
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