This study focused on the athletic trainers' perception of gender integration in
the Division II setting. Gender integration in athletic training focuses on issues of
gender equality in the workplace. The short form of the Interaction gender audit was
used to measure perceptions of gender integration in four areas including political will,
technical capacity, accountability, and organizational culture. The study population
included 141 athletic trainers working in the 4th NATA district at a Division II
institution. 141 potential participants were invited via email to participate in the study.
A total of 14 males and 21 females completed the survey online. Male and females
provided low ratings to questions pertaining to accountability of gender integration in
the workplace. Accountability is the ways an organization determines the extent to
which it is following gender equality policies and integrating gender equality in its basic
structure (Harvey, Morris, Kindervatter & Woods, 2010). Males and females had
differing perceptions of gender integration. Females perceived gender integration to be
less advanced in the workplace compared to males. Specifically, females recognize that
there needs to be improvement in the area of organization culture in the field of athletic
training. Organizational culture is defined as "norms, customs, beliefs and codes of
behavior in an organization that support or undermine gender equality"� (Harvey, et al
2010). The findings of this study should be used to begin conversations about existing
gender inequalities in the field of athletic training. Specific organizations may use the
structure of this study to measure their own employees' perceptions to see where
improvements may be made in regards to gender equality.
Capstone Project Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for
The Master of Education Degree in the College of Education and Human Service Professions
by Jennifer S. Ach, University of Minnesota Duluth. May 2016. 1 computer file (PDF); ix, 41 pages, appendices I-II, tables.
Ach, Jennifer S.
Perceptions of Gender Integration in Division II Athletic Training.
Retrieved from the University of Minnesota Digital Conservancy,
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