Ventricular arrhythmias account for nearly 400,000 deaths per year in the United States alone. Electrical mapping of the ventricular activation could facilitate the diagnosis and treatment of arrhythmias, e.g. guiding catheter ablation. To date, both direct mapping and non-contact mapping techniques have been routinely used in electrophysiology labs for obtaining the electrical activity on the endocardial surface. Non-invasive functional mapping methods are also developed to estimate the electrical activity on the epicardium or on both epicardium and endocardium from the body surface measurements. Though successful, the results using above methods are all limited on the surface of the heart and thus cannot directly characterize the cardiac events originating within the myocardial wall. Our group's goal is to develop a functional mapping method to estimate the three-dimensional cardiac electrical activity from either non-invasive body surface potential maps or minimally-invasive intracavitary potential maps, by solving the so-called "inverse problem". Hence the information under the surface of the heart could be revealed to better characterize the cardiac activation. In the present thesis study, the previously developed three-dimensional cardiac electrical imaging (3DCEI) approach has been further investigated. Its function is expanded for not only estimating the global activation sequence but also reconstructing the potential at any myocardial site throughout the ventricle. New algorithms under the 3DCEI scheme are also explored for more powerful mapping capability. The performance of the enhanced 3DCEI approach is rigorously evaluated in both control and diseased swine models when the clinical settings are mimicked. The promising results validate the feasibility of estimating detailed three-dimensional cardiac activation by using the 3DCEI approach, and suggest that 3DCEI has great potential of guiding the clinical management of cardiac arrhythmias in a more efficient way.
University of Minnesota Ph.D. dissertation. 2010. Major: Biomedical Engineering. Advisor: Bin He. 1 computer file (PDF); 139 pages.
Functional Mapping of Three-Dimensional Electrical Activation in Ventricles.
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