This thesis describes the surface and electrical characterization of ultrathin organic films and interfaces. These films were synthesized on the surface of gold by utilizing layer by layer synthesis via imine condensation. Film growth by imine click (condensation) chemistry is particularly useful for molecular electronics experiments because it provides a convenient means to obtain and extend π-conjugation in the growth direction. However, in the context of film growth from a solid substrate, the reaction yield per step has not been characterized previously, though it is critically important. To address these issues, my research focused on a comprehensive characterization of oligophenyleneimine (OPI) wires via Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE), reflection-absorption infrared spectroscopy (RAIRS), and cyclic voltammetry (CV). In addition, we had the unique opportunity of developing the first of its kind implementation of nuclear reaction analysis (NRA) to probe the intensity of carbon atoms after each addition step. Overall the combination of various techniques indicated that film growth proceeds in a quantitative manner. Furthermore, the NRA experiment was optimized to measure the carbon content in self-assembled monolayers of alkyl thiols. The results indicated well-resolved coverage values for ultrathin films with consecutive steps of 2 carbon atoms per molecule. Another fundamental problem in molecular electronics is the vast discrepancy in the values of measured resistance per molecule between small and large area molecular junctions. In collaboration with researchers at the National University of Singapore, we addressed these issues by comparing the electrical properties of OPI wires with the eutectic gallium indium alloy (EGaIn) junction (1000 µm2), and conducting probe atomic force microscopy (CP-AFM) junction (50 nm2). Our results showed that intensive (i.e., area independent) observables such as crossover length, activation energy, and decay constants agreed very well across the two junction platforms. On the other hand, the extensive (area dependent) resistance per molecule values was 100 times higher for EGaIn junction verses CP-AFM after normalizing to contact area. This was most likely due to differences in metal-molecule contact resistances. My contribution to this collaborative work is in synthesis and timely delivery of OPI wires. The structure-property relationships of OPI wires with 5 terminal F atoms were studied extensively by XPS. The results show similar crossover behavior obtained by molecular junction experiments. Saturated spacers (conjugation disruption units) were introduced into the molecular backbone, and their effects on the intensity of F 1s counts were measured. Overall, there was good correlation between the position and number of saturated units verses F 1s peak area. Even though core hole spectroscopy and time dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) calculations are required to fully understand the charge transport dynamics, the preliminary results point to a new ultrahigh vacuum method of measuring charge transfer rates. Overall, these experiments open significant opportunities to synthesize ultra-thin films and characterize a variety of donor-block-acceptor and metal complex systems in molecular electronics.