Affordable and supportive housing (housing targeted for the most vulnerable and in need) has been related in the literature to a variety of positive outcomes –including protection from weather, diseases, infections, injuries, and violence (Corporation for Supportive Housing, 2014). The Healthy People 2020 Initiative names housing as a physical determinant of health (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2016). A physical determinant of health is something in a person’s physical environment that affects their health (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2016). In Minnesota, African Americans accounted for 39% of homeless adults while they only made up 5% of total adults in the state population (Wilder Research, 2016). American Indians accounted for 8% of the homeless population and only made up 1% of the population in Minnesota (Wilder Research, 2016). These statistics point to the need for more housing efforts targeted toward people of color in Minnesota. Particularly for African American and American Indian populations who may be most at risk. Results of final data collection for MHFA were separated into “Resident Demographics” – an aggregate collection of racial and ethnic background of residents at each property who responded to the survey, and “Employee Demographics”- an aggregate collection of racial and ethnic background of employees who worked at each company who responded to the survey. The survey response rate for properties reporting resident demographics was 54.72% (29/53 properties responded, 12 not yet built). Response rate for companies reporting employee demographics was 36.54% (57/156), which includes those companies connected with properties that may still be in the construction phase and do not yet have residents.
Conducted on behalf of the Minnesota Coalition for the Homeless. Supported by the Kris Nelson Community-Based Research Program, a program of the Center for Urban and Regional Affairs (CURA) at the University of Minnesota.
San Cartier, Michelle.
Who Benefits from Housing Advocacy: An Analysis of Legislative Outcomes.
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