Both neonicotinoids and varying pH levels affect odonate growth rates, which in turn can
affect fitness. This proposal aims to assess how the combined stress of living in nonneutral
water (pH = 5.0, 6.0, 8.0, and 9.0) and being exposed to a continuous, sublethal
dose of 0.02 μg/L of the neonicotinoid imidacloprid will affect Anax junius stadia growth
rates. Mortality rates will also be measured.
Research Proposal for Odonate Fitness in Relation to Imidacloprid and Varying pH.
Retrieved from the University of Minnesota Digital Conservancy,
Content distributed via the University of Minnesota's Digital Conservancy may be subject to additional license and use restrictions applied by the depositor.