Because the northern goshawk (Accipiter gentilis atricapillus; hereafter referred to as goshawk) often nests (Siders and Kennedy 1996; Squires and Ruggiero 1996) and hunts (Bright-Smith and Mannan 1994; Beier and Drennan 1997) in mature forests, potential conflicts between timber harvest and maintenance of viable goshawk populations concerns various publics (Kennedy 1997). Due to these concerns, the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) recently conducted a status review of goshawk populations west of the 100th meridian to determine if listing this population as threatened under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) was warranted (Clark 1997).
Kennedy, Patricia L; Andersen, David E.
RESEARCH AND MONITORING PLAN FOR NORTHERN GOSHAWKS (Accipter gentilis atricapillus) IN THE WESTERN GREAT LAKES REGION, 1999.
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