This study of Minnesota residents who purchased North Dakota waterfowl-hunting licenses for the 2005
season was conducted to assess waterfowl hunters’:
• North Dakota and Minnesota waterfowl-hunting participation and activities;
• satisfaction, attitudes, and knowledge of waterfowl management in North Dakota and Minnesota;
• motivations for, involvement with, and constraints related to the activity of waterfowl hunting.
The survey was distributed to 800 Minnesota residents who purchased a North Dakota waterfowl hunting
license; 547 completed surveys were used for this analysis. An additional 48 shortened surveys were
received to gauge nonresponse bias. After adjusting for undeliverable surveys, reluctant and invalid
respondents, the response rate was 69% excluding, and 76% including, reluctant responders.
Schroeder, Susan, A.; Fulton, David, C.; Lawrence, Jeffery, S.; Cordts, Steven, D..
WATERFOWL HUNTING IN NORTH DAKOTA.
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