Karst aquifers are important groundwater
resources, but are vulnerable to contamination due to relatively
rapid subsurface transport. Springs, points where
the landscape and water table intersect and cold groundwater
The index of biotic integrity (IBI) is a commonly used bioassessment tool that integrates abundance and
richness measures to assess water quality. In developing IBIs that are both responsive to human
disturbance and ...
Schramm, Harold, L. Jr.; Vondracek, Bruce; French, William, E.; Gerard, Patrick, D. (2010)
We measured the initial mortality (fish judged nonreleasable at weigh-in), prerelease mortality
(fish judged nonreleasable 1–2 h after weigh-in [which includes initial mortality]), and postrelease mortality
(fish that ...
Cattle grazing in riparian areas can reduce
water quality, alter stream channel characteristics,
and alter fish and macroinvertebrate assemblage
structure. The U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural
Resources Conservation ...