Values-based food procurement is gaining national and international attention as an effective strategy to leverage institutional purchasing power to transform food systems. The Good Food Purchasing Policy (GFPP) is a promising values-based food procurement policy which could help to promote social equity and environmental sustainability in the Twin Cities and Minnesota’s food system. It supports institutions to prioritize the values of local economies, environmental sustainability, nutrition, animal welfare and a valued workforce—rather than primarily price—when making purchasing decisions. A group of stakeholders has been working to bring the GFPP to the Twin Cities. Because the GFPP standards were originally developed for a Los Angeles context, this paper explored how to best adapt the standards to the Twin Cities context, in order to help lay the groundwork for the implementation of the GFPP in Twin Cities’ institutions.
To answer the first research question—“What methodologies do developers of values-based procurement policy frameworks use in order to create standards?”—the investigator reviewed the literature and interviewed developers of standards. Interviewees expressed that standards need to be realistic but also push for improvements in the relevant industry, easy to track, and should allow for continuous improvement for participating institutions. These findings then informed the second phase of the report, which explored the questions: How can the LA-based GFPP framework be adapted to the context of the Twin Cities, MN? Specifically, which GFPP standards need to change to adapt to the Twin Cities, and how? To answer these questions, the investigator first collaborated with stakeholders to determine a focus on the Local Economies and Nutrition Standards, and then interviewed local experts on these topics. Interviewees expressed wanting to modify the Local Economies Standards in many ways, including involving food chain businesses beyond farms, increasing the mileage measurement to 250 miles, and adding equity measurements into the required baseline. Stakeholders wanted to modify the Nutrition Standards in multiple ways, especially by adding culturally appropriate food to the required baseline, making bonus points more rigorous, and making the overall Standards more detailed so that they provide better guidance to institutional purchasers.
This research lays the groundwork for the Twin Cities stakeholder group to further explore modifying the standards to create ‘finalized’ Twin Cities specific GFPP Standards. It can provide insights for the national GFPP standards revision process. It also starts to fill the research gap on values-based food procurement policies, laying groundwork for potential future research on the GFPP in the Twin Cities and beyond.
Professional paper for the fulfillment of the Master of Public Policy degree.
Adapting the Good Food Purchasing Policy to the Twin Cities.
Hubert H. Humphrey School of Public Affairs.
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