Purpose: To develop, implement, and evaluate an elective course for the Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) curriculum that provides
students with a comprehensive overview of women’s health across the lifespan and exposes them to social and economic issues that
impact women’s health. Case Study: At the time of this writing, the class has been delivered 3 times to a total of 56 students.
Students read and discussed (both in-class and online) timely articles in women’s health issues on topics including sex-based biology;
women in clinical trials; maternal and child health; women’s health coverage and access to care in the United States; gender and
health communication; abuse and the role of healthcare professionals; and international issues in women’s health and women’s
rights. Students completed a pre- and post-test; developed seminar presentations regarding women’s health issues; wrote reflective
essays about the course; and designed and implemented health promotion projects for National Women’s Health Week (NWHW). At
the end of the course, the number of correct answers on the post-test significantly improved from the pre-test (p<0.001). Through
anonymous course evaluations, students indicated that the assignments fulfilled the learning objectives (mean 4.68 on a 5-point
Likert scale) and the exercises were useful in helping their understanding of the material (mean 4.66 on a 5-point Likert scale). Over
500 women from the campus and community participated in the NWHW projects. Implications: An elective course was designed to
educate pharmacy students regarding women’s health issues and to provide students with an opportunity to perform community
DiPietro, Natalie A..
An Elective Course in Women’s Health Issues.
University of Minnesota, College of Pharmacy.
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