Center for Transportation Studies University of Minnesota
Welcome and Opening Remarks
International Perspectives on Accessibility
Implications for Research and Practice
Technical Session 1A - Relationships between housing and employment centers, particularly as they relate to commuting, were featured topics of discussion in this session. Jobs-housing balance, traffic congestion, and access to employment opportunities were among the issues discussed.
Technical Session 1B - Presentations in this session took a variety of different approaches to understanding the influence of the built environment and transportation networks on travel patterns and accessibility levels. Among the key issues examined were the different ways people access needed services and make residential location decisions.
Technical Session 2A - The presentations in Session 2A provided insight into some of the differences between European and American cities in research, transportation behavior and urban form. Researchers looked at the complex factors that influence travel behavior and residential choice and introduced the notion of stability into decision-making and the complexity of decision-making when it comes to home ownership
Technical Session 2B - Modeling and data analysis were the overall themes of this session, with research presentations giving particular attention to public transit access and the development of new community areas.
Technical Session 3A - All three presentations in this session addressed the aging population, which will significantly increase in the coming years. Two of the studies focused on accessibility issues facing older persons in London, and one of the studies focused on the location decisions being made by the group described as “pre-elderly” in metropolitan Ohio, US. There are some indications that baby boomers are going to become a different kind of elderly, noted both moderator Kazuya Kawamura in his comments about the presentations and Morrow-Jones in her presentation,
Technical Session 3B – This session provided an opportunity to discuss the effects of planning documents and practices on the land-planning process; topics included regional planning documents, the potential use of accessibility models as planning tools, and measuring the impacts of different planning ideologies.
Technical Session 4A - Age as a factor in accessibility was the dominant theme of this session, in which presentations dealt with the accessibility needs of both young and elderly populations. Transit accessibility, transit service characteristics, and safety issues were among the topics discussed.
Technical Session 4B - In this session, researchers provided insight into the complex relationship between expanding transportation networks and changing land use practices. The research, focused on Madrid and London, also introduced a European perspective on network growth.
Technical Session 5A - All three presentations in this session evaluated transportation networks, and two of the presentations described specific tools to do so. Researchers presented their recent findings on the role of the development of transportation compared to land use concentration, the use of GIS tools to measure accessibility through a multi-modal transportation system, and methods for analyzing the efficiency of road networks.
Technical Session 5B - Presentations in this session covered accessibility analysis related to a range of travel behavior, emphasizing nonmotorized travel modes and trip chaining. Researchers analyzed the use of urban trail networks, methods for measuring accessibility for bicyclists and pedestrians, and factors influencing commuters’ likelihood to carry out multiple travel tasks during their commute trips.
Technical Session 6 - Presentations in this final session dealt with issues of accessibility measurement in the context of analyzing and comparing metropolitan areas. Researchers explored the spatial awareness of urban residents and the possible effects of social networks on residential and employment patterns, and also looked at the difficulties inherent in comparing accessibility across different metropolitan areas.
Center for Transportation Studies.
Access to Destinations Conference (August 2007).
Center for Transportation Studies University of Minnesota.
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