Center for Applied Research and Eduational Improvement
Scope, Sequence & Coordination (SS&C) is a national teacher enhancement and curriculum
development project committed to developing activities that help students become more
scientifically literate as defined by the National Science Education Standards (NRC, 1995).
The SS&C project is guided by the following principles: 1) every student should study every
science subject every year, 2) science should explicitly take into account students' prior
knowledge and experience, 3) students should be provided with a sequence of content from
concrete experiences and descriptive expression to abstract symbolism and quantitative
expression, 4) concepts, principles, and theories should be revisited at successively higher levels
of abstraction, and 5) learning should be coordinated in the four science subjects so as to
interrelate basic concepts and principles. SS&C was funded by the National Science
Foundation to develop and implement the first year of a four year set of activities and this
evaluation was designed to document the effect of the SS&C project in relation to the NRC
standards. The purpose of this evaluation was to ascertain the effectiveness of the Scope, Sequence, and Coordination project on ninth
grade student achievement of the National Science Education Standards.
Lawrenz, Frances; Huffman, Douglas.
Scope, Sequence & Coordination: 9th Grade Science (Evaluation Report).
Center for Applied Research and Eduational Improvement.
Retrieved from the University of Minnesota Digital Conservancy,
Content distributed via the University of Minnesota's Digital Conservancy may be subject to additional license and use restrictions applied by the depositor.