Previous studies have found children internationally adopted from institutions more likely
to exhibit socioemotional and cognitive deficits. This study examined the relationship
between indiscriminate friendliness and executive functioning behaviors in postinstitutionalized
(PI) children. Internationally adopted children and non-adopted children
were observed and coded for indiscriminate friendliness and assessed using five
executive function tasks. Subjects per analysis varied because the study is still ongoing
(see participant information, Table 1). The study is part of a larger longitudinal research
project. Preliminary data found that post-institutionalized children displayed higher levels
of indiscriminate friendliness and lower levels of executive functioning, however no
relationship was found between the two variables. When children with IQ levels below
70 were removed from the analysis, a significant relationship was found between
working memory and the social disinhibition factor at both sessions. Results suggest that
by one year post-adoption, post-institutionalized children continue to show deficits
compared to non-adopted children. Further research is necessary to determine appropriate
means of intervention.
Indiscriminate Friendliness and Executive Functioning in Post-Institutionalized Children.
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