This study investigated the similarity of information
that is provided by direct and indirect methods of
writing assessment. The skills required by each of
these techniques provide a framework for a cognitive
model of writing skills from which these procedures
can be compared. It is suggested that practitioners interested
in reliably measuring all aspects of the proposed
writing process continuum, as characterized by
this cognitive model, use both indirect and direct
methods. Index terms: Confirmatory factor analysis,
Essay tests, Free-response tests, Multiple-choice
tests, Writing assessment, Writing processes.
Ackerman, Terry A & Smith, Philip L. (1988). A comparison of the information provided by essay, multiple-choice, and free-response writing tests. Applied Psychological Measurement, 12, 117-128. doi:10.1177/014662168801200202
Ackerman, Terry A.; Smith, Philip L..
A comparison of the information provided by essay, multiple-choice, and free-response writing tests.
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