Pregnant women experience dramatic body changes during their pregnancy. With
the wide variety of body shapes and sizes, physical changes occur differently for every
pregnant woman; thus, these variations lead to problems of comfort, fit, and sizing of
ready-to-wear maternity apparel. Therefore, this study examined the changes in body
measurements and shapes during pregnancy and analyzed the relationship between these
changes and pattern measurements and shapes.
A single case study method was used to observe one participant’s body
measurement and body shape changes during pregnancy, and the relationship between
these body changes and related pattern changes. Findings were analyzed by the changes
in body measurements and body shapes and the relationship between the body changes
and pattern changes. The entire pattern adjustment process represents the analysis of the
relationship of body changes to pattern changes.
The findings of this study suggest that consideration of body shape during apparel
pattern development offers valuable information related to fit that goes beyond standard linear measurements. In addition, the results indicated that body measurements and
patterns did not increase proportionally to each other. The pattern changes were not
necessary due to body measurement or shape changes. The patterns were adjusted not
only to accommodate body changes but also to maintain the garment style.
University of Minnesota M.S. thesis. November 2009. Major: Design. Housing, and Apparel. Advisor: Elizabeth Kersch Bye. 1 computer file (PDF); v, 69 pages. Ill. (some col.)
A pattern adaptation for body changes during pregnancy: a single case study..
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