In cognition research, item writing rules are considered
a necessary prerequisite of item banking. A set of
636 items was constructed using prespecified cognitive
operations. An evaluation of test data from some
7,400 examinees revealed 446 homogeneous items.
Some items had to be discarded because of printing
flaws, and others because of operation complexion or
other well-describable reasons. However, cognitive
operations explained item difficulty parameters quite
well; further cross-validation research may contribute
to an item writing approach which attempts to bring
psychological theory and psychometric models closer
together. This will eventually free item construction
from item writer idiosyncrasies.
Hornke, Lutz F.; Habon, Michael W..
Rule-based item bank construction and evaluation within the linear logistic framework.
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