DSpace DSpace

University of Minnesota Digital Conservancy >
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities >
Applied Psychological Measurement >
Volume 07, 1983 >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11299/114842

Title: Restriction of range corrections when both distribution and selection assumptions are violated
Authors: Gross, Alan L.
Fleischman, Lynn E.
Issue Date: 1983
Citation: Gross, Alan L & Fleischman, Lynn. (1983). Restriction of range corrections when both distribution and selection assumptions are violated. Applied Psychological Measurement, 7, 227-237. doi:10.1177/014662168300700210
Abstract: In validating a selection test (x) as a predictor of y, an incomplete xy data set must often be dealt with. A well-known correction formula is available for estimating the xy correlation in some total group using the xy data of the selected cases and x data of the unselected cases. The formula yields the r[subscript yх] correlation (1) when the regression of y on x is linear and homoscedastic and (2) when selection can be assumed to be based on x alone. Although previous research has considered the accuracy of the correction formula when either Condition 1 or 2 is violated, no studies have considered the most realistic case where both Conditions 1 and 2 are simultaneously violated. In the present study six real data sets and five simulated selection models were used to investigate the accuracy of the correction formula when neither assumption is satisfied. Each of the data sets violated the linearity and/or homogeneity assumptions. Further, the selection models represent cases where selection is not a function of x alone. The results support two basic conclusions. First, the correction formula is not robust to violations in Conditions 1 and 2. Reasonably small errors occur only for very modest degrees of selection. Secondly, although biased, the correction formula can be less biased than the uncorrected correlation for certain distribution forms. However, for other distribution forms, the corrected correlation can be less accurate than the uncorrected correlation. A description of this latter type of distribution form is given.
URI: http://purl.umn.edu/114842
Appears in Collections:Volume 07, 1983

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
v07n2p227.pdf721.32 kBPDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.