Althauser and Heberlein (1970) and Costner and
Schoenberg (1973) have developed path analytic
techniques for assessing the validity of indicators in
multitrait-multimethod matrices. Both procedures
involve the application of Costner’s (1969) auxiliary
theory. These approaches represent improvements
on Campbell and Fiske’s early procedures for testing
for validity. This article examines these techniques
and demonstrates their applications. It is argued
that the diagnosis of indicator ills by means of
confirmatory factor analysis is especially useful:
This technique not only tests the adequacy of a
measurement model, but also estimates the parameters
of the specified model. An empirical
example of these techniques is presented.
Avison, William R. (1978). Auxiliary theory and multitrait-multimethod validation: A review of two approaches. Applied Psychological Measurement, 2, 433-449. doi:10.1177/014662167800200318
Avison, William R..
Auxiliary theory and multitrait-multimethod validation: A review of two approaches.
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