A set of Tests of Scientific Thinking were developed
for possible use as criterion measures in research
on creativity. Scores on the tests describe
both quality and quantity of ideas produced in formulating
hypotheses, evaluating proposals, solving
methodological problems, and devising methods for
measuring constructs. The tests were administered
to 3,500 candidates for admission to graduate
school in psychology, using an item-sampling procedure.
Reliabilities based on 45-minute tests were
adequate for research purposes. Correlations with
GRE scores were low, especially for scores based on
number of ideas. Follow-up questionnaires were
sent to students asking for information about graduate
school attendance, grades, accomplishments
during the first year of graduate study, and self-appraisals
of professional skills. Scores based on
quantity (number of responses, number of unusual
responses, and number of unusual responses that
were also of high quality) were significantly related
to self-appraisals and to reports of such professional
accomplishments as collaborating in research,
publishing scientific papers, and designing
and maintaining research apparatus. The quantity
scores also were related to indices reflecting the
quality of the department attended and to conventional
evaluations of student performance. GRE
scores were better at predicting these indices of
quality but poorer as predictors of accomplishments and self-appraisals.
Frederiksen, Norman & Ward, William C. (1978). Measures for the study of creativity in scientific problem-solving. Applied Psychological Measurement, 2, 1-24. doi:10.1177/014662167800200101
Frederiksen, Norman; Ward, William C..
Measures for the study of creativity in scientific problem-solving.
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