The reorientation of experimental psychology
from studying performance to studying cognitive
processes has created a new potential for understanding
ability tests in terms of the nature of the
cognitive events which contribute to individual differences
in solving the test items. The results from
the present study suggest the feasibility of explaining
individual differences in performance on a prototypic
intelligence test item-verbal analogies-
from the success and efficiency of processing information
on hypothesized component events. The
data revealed that at least three types of processing
events are needed to describe individual differences
in the component task durations, but that probably
only one factor is needed to describe accuracy in
completing the components. More critically, both
the accuracy and duration of the component tasks
were significantly related to solving psychometric
analogies. The results are discussed with respect to
the nature of successful performance on analogy
test items and the need for more complex models to
fully account for individual differences in test performance.
Whitely, Susan E. (1977). Information-processing on intelligence test items: Some response components. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1, 465-476. doi:10.1177/014662167700100402
Whitely, Susan E..
Information-processing on intelligence test items: Some response components.
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