The Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD’s) are a group of
neurodevelopmental disorders that result in abnormalities of
socialization, communication and behavior. There has been an
apparent increase in the prevalence of ASD’s in the last 20
years. While the exact etiologies of the ASD’s are not known,
scientists believe that gene/environment interactions are
involved in the development of ASD’s. Genes make some individuals
more susceptible to environmental factors. One environmental
factor that could be involved in the development of ASD’s is
vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy and early childhood
development. Vitamin D is an important neurosteroid involved in
brain development. Animal studies have shown that gestational
vitamin D deficiency results in offspring with anatomical
abnormalities similar to those found in autism. Developmental
vitamin D deficiency has been found to dysregulate 36 proteins
involved in mammalian brain development. Vitamin D
supplementation during pregnancy and throughout childhood could
possibly help prevent some cases of ASD.
Although research-based interventions for young students with Autism Spectrum Disorders exist and are supported in the literature, early intervention teachers in public schools often lack knowledge and training in the ...
As more universities offer academic composition and technical writing courses via virtual classrooms, our institutions are also being asked to accommodate an increasingly diverse student population. The success of disability ...
This study aimed to examine whether verbal responsiveness to students’ attentional focus and verbal/vocal acts in special educators varied among subgroups of preschool students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) (n = 112). ...