Eleven indicants of intelligence and 10 measures
of short-term learning were studied in a sample of
265 fourteen-year-olds using the inter-battery
methods developed by Tucker. The results indicated
two broad factors of intelligence, interpreted as
fluid intelligence (Gf) and crystallized intelligence
(Gc), coordinate with two broad factors of shortterm
learning, interpreted as indicating primary
memory (PM) and secondary acquisition (SAC). To
a considerable extent the learning variables were independent
of the indicants of intelligence, thus suggesting
(in conformance with previous findings) that
intelligence should not be equated with learning
over short periods of time. The major variance in
common between short-term learning and intelligence
variables is linked to meaningful associations
and learning mediated by such associations, but to
a lesser extent both Gf and Gc involve the span of
apprehension of primary memory. The results
suggest that acquisition mediated by meaningful associations
is more nearly characteristic of Gc than
of Gf, but this may mainly reflect the selection of
variables used in this study.
Hundal, P. S & Horn, John L. (1977). On the relationships between short-term learning and fluid and crystallized intelligence. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1, 11-21.
Hundal, P. S; Horn, John L..
On the relationships between short-term learning and fluid and crystallized intelligence..
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