Water Resources Research Center, University of Minnesota
Newsletter or Bulletin
The primary objective of this research as carried out in the summer and fall of 1969 and 1970 was to determine the possible changes which would take place in Lake Superior periphvton when polluting or enriching substances were added to the lake Hater. To this end, two natural rock basins were constructed at the lakeside along the north shore at Castle Danger, Minnesota for the purpose of exposing naturcll1y grown and regrowth periphyton to higher-than-normal levels of phosphate and nitrate. At weekly intervals, samples were collected and productivity was measured by enumeration of organisms, chlorophyll analysis, and weight, dry and organic. Lake Superior periphyton responds dramatical1 y to increased additions of phosphorus and nitrogen. If the near-shore area of Lake Superior ever received nutrients, such as those added to the experimental test pool at Castle Danger, a drastic change in the Lake.'s biota could occur. For example, as enrichment increased, the predominant clean-water diatom forms could eventually be replaced by the more tolerant green or blue-green algae. In addition, the very composition of the macrobenthic forms found in Lake Superior could be altered as a result of their dependence on the periphyton, which, as primary producers, form the first link in the food chain. Likewise, certain fish which depend on benthic organisms for their food may be adversely affected as an indirect result of a changing periphyton community.
Having established that enrichment of Lake Superior water will drnmatically change the normal periphyton growth, another baseline has been established for future reference in the event that phosphorus and nitrogen rich wastes should be added to the 1ake. If certain types of algae appear as replacements of the normal flora now characterizing the periphyton and the productivity increases, one will have a means [or assessing the possible changes taking place in the water quality of Lake Superior.
Krogstad, B.O. Nelson, R.R. Odlaug, T.O. Olson, T.A. Ruschmeyer, O.R. 1973. Effects of Enrichment on Lake Superior Periphyton. Water Resources Research Center.
Water Resources Research Center
Krogstad, B.O.; Nelson, R.R.; Odlaug, T.O.; Olson, T.A.; Ruschmeyer, O.R..
Effects of Enrichment on Lake Superior Periphyton.
Water Resources Research Center, University of Minnesota.
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