In 1980 the Minnesota Geological Survey (MGS) began a program of scientific test drilling designed to acquire a better understanding of the complex Precambrian bedrock of Minnesota. A research approach that combined selective test drilling with geophysical surveying of the Precambrian terrane was dictated by the fact that the Precambrian rocks are covered by substantial thicknesses of Quaternary glaciogenic sediment in most places and therefore are not amenable to standard mapping and sampling techniques. This circular is the fourth to report basic results from the drilling program. It contains data from four separate studies that were undertaken in central and western Minnesota in 1987-1988 (Fig. 1). The drilling summarized here, like that in previous projects (Southwick and others, 1986; Mills and others, 1987; Boerboom and others, 1989), was closely coordinated with geophysical surveys, and the selection of drilling targets was guided by geophysics to the maximum extent practicable. Our standard procedure was to formulate regional interpretations of the buried Precambrian geology from the geophysical data and then drill to verify, modify, or otherwise constrain the geophysical interpretation. Earlier applications of this approach have contributed to regional-scale geologic maps of the Penokean orogen (Early Proterozoic) in east-central Minnesota (Southwick and others, 1988) and an Archean greenstone belt in north-central Minnesota (Jirsa and Boerboom, 1990); the data tabulated in this circular will eventually contribute to new geologic maps for west-central Minnesota.
Funding for drilling was provided by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Minerals, the Minerals Diversification Program of the Minnesota Legislature, and the Legislative Commission on Minnesota Resources
Southwick, D.L.; Setterholm, Dale R.; Boerboom, Terrence J..
Information Circular 31. Scientific Test Drilling in West-Central Minnesota Summary of Lithologic and Stratigraphic Results, 1987-1988, and Some Preliminary Geological Conclusions.
Minnesota Geological Survey.
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