Schizophrenia is a deteriorative psychological disease that
mentally and physically strains the patients who manifest the disease
and their families. The etiology of the disease is excess Dopamine, a
neurotransmitter. There are two categorization of Schizophrenia;
positive symptoms, and negative symptoms. Patients who suffer with
positive symptoms experience hallucinations, delusions, and have
rambling, incoherent speech. Patients who suffer with negative
symptoms have flat affect, decreased mood, and are socially withdrawn.
Current treatments for Schizophrenia include neuroleptics and atypical
antipsychotics. Both drug categories aim to decrease Dopamine
availability at the receptor site. Side effects of these drugs lead to
major noncompliance issues. These major side effects include: tardive
dyskinesia, Parkinsonian tremor, nausea, and weight gain.