St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota Extension Service
Manual or Documentation
Discusses the most difficult pest according to Midwest greenhouse operators: western flower thrips (WFT). Describes their appearance, biology, life cycle, behavior, plant damage, mouthpart anatomy, plant virus transmission, and tospoviruses. Goes on to explain how to manage WFT through physical exclusion, cultural controls, monitoring and indicator plants, biological controls, and chemical control.
McDonough, M., Gerace, D., Ascerno, M. 1999. Western Flower Thrips in Commercial Greenhouses. University of Minnesota Extension Service Publication PC-7374-E.
6 pages. Illustrated. See also "Western Flower Thrips Feeding Scars and Tospovirus Lesions on Petunia Indicator Plants" (MI-7375-C/PC-7374-E), which includes photographs.
University of Minnesota Extension Service.
McDonough, Michael J.; Gerace, Daniel; Ascerno, Mark E..
Western Flower Thrips in Commercial Greenhouses.
St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota Extension Service.
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