On the morning of September 11, 2001 nineteen hijackers of Saudi, Emirian, Lebanese, and Egyptian origin commandeered four American commercial jet airliners and carried out a series of terrorist attacks against the United States. Following these events a large number of Arabs, Middle Easterners, and Muslims living in the United States became victims of hate crimes, xenophobia, and violence. While discrimination against these groups in the United States is not a new occurrence, the attacks of September 11th have introduced renewed significance into the stereotypes of the Arab terrorist, Muslim terrorist, and the unfamiliar or foreign other. This context heightens the potential for discrimination to result in disparate economic outcomes for persons of Arab or Middle Eastern origin as well as Muslims. This paper explores the presence of labor market discrimination against these groups. Specifically, I examine the effect of adherence to Islam and skin color on the occupational status of self-identified Arab Americans. Using data from the Detroit Arab American Study 2003 and Detroit Area Study 2003 I find that complexion does not influence the occupational status for Arab Americans but does affect the occupational status of a comparison group of ethnically European Whites. Further, identifying as Muslim does not appear to have an effect on the occupational status of Arab Americans.
Coffee-Borden, Brandon. Skin Tone and Occupational Status Among European and Arab Americans. May 1 2009. May 27 2009. Hubert H Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs.
professional paper in partial fulfillment of the Master of Public Policy degree requirement
Skin Tone and Occupational Status Among European and Arab Americans.
Hubert H Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs.
Retrieved from the University of Minnesota Digital Conservancy,
Content distributed via the University of Minnesota's Digital Conservancy may be subject to additional license and use restrictions applied by the depositor.