The purpose of this study was to design an assessment instrument of work-related well-being for music therapy professionals. An interview method was applied to construct a conceptual theory based on the data collected from seven music therapy professionals with diverse backgrounds. An on-line survey of work-related well-being, which contained 54 five points Likert-type items, was derived through analyzing the contents of the interviews. Four hundred ninety-three music therapy professionals in the US were randomly selected to participate in the survey, and 157 responded (respond rate 32 %). Among them, 117 samples were determined to be valid for use in the factor analysis.
Factor analysis revealed five factors of work-related well-being for music therapy
professionals, including work satisfaction, stressors, self-awareness, work demands, and
self-care skills. Statistical techniques, namely Pearson correlation, independent t-test and one-way ANOVA, were used to determine the impact of work years, education levels, and salaries on perception of work-related well-being. The results showed that music therapy professionals reported satisfaction both in their overall feeling of work-related well-being and combined factor scores. Also, the combined factor scores positively correlated to overall scale of work-related well-being. The experienced music therapy professionals have significantly higher combined factor scores of work-related well-being than do novice music therapy professionals. In addition, education levels do not show
statistically significant differences on the combined factor scores of work-related
well-being. Finally, salary levels do not exhibit statistically significant impact on factor scores of work-related well-being, though the p-value is much smaller (p = .105).
Analysis of seven interviews and psychometric methods were applied to verify the validity and reliability of the resultant assessment instrument. Suggestions for future use of the instrument are also provided.
University of Minnesota Ph.D. dissertation. September, 2008. Major: Music. Advisor: Keitha Lucas Hamann. 1 computer file (PDF); Xiii, 210 pages.
Developing a self-rated instrument of work-related well-being for music therapy professionals.
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